How to make a Rebate Plane
Rebate planes are a useful addition to a woodworkers arsenal, they are used for adding a rebate or groove to a piece of wood, often at an edge, but anywhere along the grain can be rebated (or rabbetted)
A lot of woodworkers use a router for this task, however, there are times when a hand tool is more appropriate, particularly if you want to work quickly without the hassle of setting up a router.
This is a Rebate Plane I made out of Purple Heart, although any hard wearing wood can be used. They are traditionally made of quarter sawn Beech.
This technique strays from the traditional route of crafting it from a single block of wood, which makes it easier for the novice plane maker.
Fist of all you need to cut a piece of wood to size for your blade. I used an old chisel, the wood blank is cut slightly thinner than the width of the blade as there must be a slight overlap between the two in favour of the blade once assembled.
Then cut along the grain to remove the sides, the remaining centre piece should be the width of the blades shaft. In this case about 10mm. The sides are 3mm each.
Cut the centre piece to allow for the wedge, the waste becomes the wedge. The lower angle must be 35 degrees from the sole of the plane.
Once cut keep the wedge to one side and glue the four sections together to form the body of the plane. I used brass pins to align the sections perfectly.
Once glued you should shape the wedge to hold the blade in place. Its important to not that the wedge should touch the blade at the heel and toe, but have a raised relief in the centre, this acts as a spring against the blade and holds the wedge on place
Lightly hammer the wedge in place, it should be enough to hold the blade firm without damage to the wedge or plane body. To adjust the depth of cut tap on the end of the blade gently with a small hammer as shown below. If the blade protrudes too much you can place the plane flat on the bench and tap the toe of the plane.
Test cutting a rebate